The Jubilee Line is the newest line on the network having opened in 1979. Construction of the line consisted of two major sections, the first of which was initially to Charing Cross station in central London and from there it was expanded in 1999 to Stratford station in east London. The line serves 27 stations, 13 of which are above ground, over 36.2km and appears gey/silver on the Tube map.
Around the time of the Second World War there was need for expansion of the underground network. The planning immediately before and after the war considered several new routes. The Jubilee line was originally going to be named the Fleet Line with the first stage joining the Baker Steet-to-Stanmore branch of the Bakerloo Line with a new 4km segment giving access to central London in 1979. This relieved pressure on the West End section of the Bakerloo Line. This was supposed to be the first of four phases of the project, but lack of funds meant that no further progress was made until the late 1990s.
The name was changed to the Jubilee Line after the proposal of the then Sales Manager of London Transport Advertising, Geoffrey Holliman, at the time of the introduction of the London Transport Silver Jubilee Bus fleet. Despite additional costs involved, the project was renamed for Queen Elizabeth II’s 1977 Silve Jubilee. The lighter grey colour represents the silver colour of the Jubilee itself.
The project to expand the line beyond Charing Cross changed considerably with the changes in land use, particularly the urban renewal of the Docklands area. In 1999 the Jubilee Line Extension opened, the line split from the existing line at Green Park and extends as far as Stratford, with ten intermediate stations. These stations are also larger and have special safety features including the special platform edge doors which open automatically when trains arrive. Following this extension, the line has seen a huge growth in passenger numbers and is currently the third busiest on the network.
RIDERSHIP213.554 million (2011/2012) passenger journeys