Annotated Bibliography

“A History of London’s Iconic Transport Logo.” Slate Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. <http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_eye/2013/09/17/london_underground_logo_a_brief_history_of_the_iconic_design.html&gt;.
Explores the history of the iconic London Underground’s logo through its evolution.

” Air Raid Shelters.”  Anne Frank Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2013. <http://www.annefrankguide.net/en-gb/bronnenbank.asp?oid=4780&gt;.
Contains information on air raid shelters from the second world war, specifically

ArcGIS. “London Population Density.” ArcGIS. http://www.arcgis.com/home/webmap/viewer.html?webmap=ddb451288ac84108ad32acfc627a4d25 (accessed December 10, 2013).
A map of London with various information overlaid on top of it; including the population density, roads, street, and topography.

BBC. “The Tube: An Underground History.” BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01sjtzw (accessed November 18, 2013).
History of Waterloo & City Line and Bakerloo Line.

“Beck’s London Underground Map.” Beck’s London Underground Map. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013. <http://britton.disted.camosun.bc.ca/beckmap.htm&gt;.
Harry Beck’s legacy is explored through through time in contrast with his map evolution.

“The Bedford Estates.” Bedford Estates. http://www.bedfordestates.com/bedfordestates/index.cfm/pcms/site.The_Estate.History/#1st-duke (accessed December 10, 2013).
This webpage documents the official history of the Bedford Estates; the acquisition of the Bloomsbury Estate, brief history of the first dukes of bedford, and the development of the squares and gardens within the estate.

“Charles Pearson”, last modified October 29, 2013, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Pearson.
This article summarizes Charles Pearson’s life and his major contributions to the construction of the London Underground Railway. It states the obstacles he faced while proposing different ideas for the railway showing his persistence on the project.

Day, John Robert. The story of London’s Underground. Enl. ed. London: London Transport Executive, 1974. Print.
Pinpointing important historical events against Underground’s history. Photographs of the construction of Underground’s construction.

“District line facts.” Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013. <http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/modesoftransport/londonunderground/keyfacts/13166.aspx&gt;.
Government sponsored website, which states the extraordinary facts about the District line.

“District line.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Sept. 2013. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/District_line&gt;.
Full History of the District line, its initial construction, techniques used, and years each station on that line that were opened.

Dobbin, Claire. London Underground maps: art, design and cartography. Farnham: Lund Humphries in association with London Transport Museum, 2012. Print.
A great historical background of the graphic backbone of the London Underground. Looking at different stations through time while focusing on their graphical remake. Graphical history of the London Underground Map, starting from 1908-2010, totalling in 20 Underground Maps.

Encyclopedia Britannica. “London Underground (subway, London, England, United Kingdom).” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. http://www.britannica.com/topic/1300656/websites (accessed November 27, 2013).
Overview of the London Underground network including information on their graphic strategies.

Farrell, Terry. Shaping London: the patterns and forms that make the metropolis. Chichester: Wiley, 2010. Print.
Sections cut across deep stations, which at the time of their introduction were revolutionary. Another look at different underground maps.

F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor), “The Bedford Estate: Covent Garden and the seven acres in Long Acre,” Survey of London: volume 36: Covent Garden, British History Online, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=46082.
This webpage explains the development of the Covent Garden by the Bedford Estate; the acquisition of the property as well as the cause and effect of the development.

Forshaw, John Henry, and Patrick Abercrombie. County of London plan,. London: Macmillan and Co. limited, 1943. Print.
Study of: social and functional analysis in 1940s, different counties of London in 1940s, open space plan in 1940s, industrial developments of London from 1940s onwards, and financial areas and their development, expansion and reduction from 1940s onwards.

“Full Journey On The District Line From Upminster to Ealing Broadway.” YouTube. YouTube, 2 Oct. 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2s9dOzoX55s&gt;.
What it is like to ride the Tube in its literal sense. Ride: From east end of London to the west end.

“Jubilee line.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Aug. 2013. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jubilee_line&gt;.
Full History of the Jubilee line, its initial construction, techniques used, and years each station on that line was opened.

“Key facts.” <Home>. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2013. <http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/modesoftransport/londonunderground/1608.aspx&gt&gt;.
The official website with facts and figures on transport in London.

“Land Value Taxation Campaign.” Who owns London?. <http://www.landvaluetax.org/theory/who-owns-london.html (accessed November 27, 2013)>.
A detailed look at the ownership of London as democratic state, before the introduction of the London Tube.

“London Councils.” London Councils. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://www.londoncouncils.gov.uk&gt;.
The website contains information on the planning of London today.

“London property prices on a tube map.” London property prices by tube line. http://www.findproperly.co.uk/tube-map.php#.UqaFtPRDv-T (accessed December 9, 2013).
Property values are explored through the traffic of each line in the underground railway.

“London & Southeast: Passenger Transport Ridership from 1950: Urban Transport Fact Book.” London & Southeast: Passenger Transport Ridership from 1950: Urban Transport Fact Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2013. <http://www.publicpurpose.com/ut-lt63.htm&gt;.
This website contains information on the usage of the London Underground from 1950 onwards.


“London Underground’s history.” Time Out. <http://www.timeout.com/london/things-to-do/london-undergrounds-history-2&gt; (accessed November 27, 2013).
This article discusses the history and facts of the London Underground, from its planning stages to recent year. It talks about why the the system had to be “underground”. History of the infrastructure and construction of the first lines.

“London Underground: 150 fascinating Tube facts.” The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, 31 Oct. 2009. Web. 7 Dec. 2013. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/europe/uk/london/9789966/London-Underground-150-fascinating-Tube-facts.html&gt;.
This article contains unusual and surprising facts on the usage of the London underground over the years, explaining basic knowledge.

“Luminocity.” GB- Urban Form and Dynamics Interactive Map Explorer for Great Britain. http://luminocitymap.org/index.html (accessed November 11, 2013).
Cartographer and site designer Duncan A Smith explores the changing geography of British cities and land divisions through an interactive map.

“Metropolitan line.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_line (accessed November 10, 2013).
Full History of the Metropolitan line, its initial construction, techniques used, and years each station on that line was opened.

“Northern line.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_line (accessed November 10, 2013).
Full History of the Northern line, its initial construction, techniques used, and years each station on that line was opened.

“People Who Shaped the London Underground.” h2g2. <http://h2g2.com/approved_entry/A9050780&gt; (accessed November 25, 2013).
Biographic information of James Greathead, Marc Brunel and Henry Beck.

“Piccadilly line.” Wikipedia. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piccadilly_line&gt; (accessed December 10, 2013).
This webpage briefly documents the history, infrastructure, general facts, and more specifically, its relation to the Piccadilly Circus of the Piccadilly line as part of the London Underground.

“Public Transport in Victorian London.” London Transport Museum . N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2013. <http://www.ltmcollection.org/resources/index.html?IXglossary=Public+transport+in+Victorian+London%3A+Part+Two%3A+Underground&gt;.
This page explores the growth of London prior to the underground in regards to the congestion and railway lines in the city.

Rasmussen, Steen Eiler. London: the unique city. [Abridged ed. Harmondsworth, Mddx.: Penguin Books, 1960. Print.
The population growth in London starting for year 1840-1940. Study of the pattern of that growth in respect to major bodies of water.

Sir David Miller, Barbour, and Wolfe – Barry Sir John Wolfe. eport of the Royal Commission Appointed to Inquire Into and Report Upon the Means of Locomotion and Transport in London: Volume 1. London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1905.
This report documents the history of railway transportation in London in the 19th century.

“Transport for London.” Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013. <http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/standard-tube-map.pdf&gt;.
Present day, official map of London Underground as seen by millions of travellers everyday.

“Tunnel.” Wikipedia. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunnel#cite_note-8&gt; (accessed November 18, 2013).
Information on the history and construction techniques of tunnels.

“Tunnelling shield.” Wikipedia. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunnelling_shield&gt; (accessed November 15, 2013).
The history of the tunneling shield used throughout the creation of the London

“Tunnels underneath the River Thames.” Wikipedia. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunnels_underneath_the_River_Thames&gt; (accessed November 30, 2013).
The history of the first tunnels of the City of London.

“Turnip Rail: Defending London’s Interior – Railway Promotion and the 1846 Royal Commission.” Turnip Rail: Defending London’s Interior – Railway Promotion and the 1846 Royal Commission. <http://turniprail.blogspot.ca/2011/06/defending-londons-interior-railway.html&gt; (accessed December 10, 2013)>.
This article briefly explains Royal Commission of 1846 and its effects on the development of the underground system.

“What’s the plan?.” What is the plan. <http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/projectsandschemes/18072.aspx&gt; (accessed November 10, 2013).
Exploring the tubes improvement plans and basic statistics for each line in the tube.

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